how to wire a hot tub outside

We have provided you with detailed information on how to wire a hot tub. This is a rather complicated step, but we have broken it up to enable you have seamless wired connections. Connect the green ground wire to the GFCI grounding bus bar. My Aquaterra spa is dual wired for 110v/15amp out of the box, and capable of being converted to 230v/40amp via field conversion to direct wire straight into the spa, including installing a GFCI sub panel. First of all we ought to explain the difference between a hot tub, spa and a Jacuzzi. Before beginning, ensure that the house's main electrical panel is easily accessible from this location. Connect the white pigtail also to the GFCI neutral bar. Push the wires through the LB fitting into the house and to the breaker panel, leaving at least 6 inches of extra wire hanging. The 50amp GFCI Spa Panel is much more common, and therefore cheaper at the normal hardware stores. For a 10-15 amp breaker,a 14-gauge cable should be ideal. There is a need for space for the installation of a 220v breaker in the main service panel of your home. Don't use underground wiring below outdoor hot tubs. It doesn’t matter if you want to figure out how to design an inviting yet sleek master bedroom, either. Indoor Hot Tubs / Spas must bond all metal within or attached to the hot tub. We understand your curiosity or frustration as the case may be. Hot tubs have filtration systems and the water should be treated with special sanitising chemicals. This advantage of this extra heating power ensures that the wired hot tub heats a lot faster than the plug-and-play hot tubs. The size of the wire to be used is determined by the maximum current draw of the hot tub, the length of the wire run and the NEC or local codes. Hot Tubs and Spas - NEC Electrical Codes: 680.12 and 680.42 A disconnect must be installed within sight of Hot Tub. We're wiring a J-355 Jacuzzi Hot Tub and the instructions said to use 6-3 wire for a 60 amp installation. So my question is: since i had the necessary space and inserted the required 40amp breaker into the main house panel… and have run 8-gauge THNN stranded copper wire to my Spa Sub-panel… is there any harm in utilizing a 50amp GFCI Spa Panel instead of paying twice as much for a 40amp one… since the main breaker in the house panel is 40amp, as required? Variety of 220v hot tub wiring diagram. Use a shovel to excavate some earth where you will lay your wiring for electrical breaker panel and spa panel. Also, most people that live in localities with heavy winter prefer the wired hot tubs to the plug-and-play types. With this guide, you will be well-equipped to wire a hot tub without professional knowledge of electrical works. (Do not connect any other appliances to the hot tub’s circuit.). Start with two pieces of schedule 80 PVC conduit, one for each length of wire. In terms of the wiring of a hot tub, you may notice that there are two basic ways to connect your spa to your home’s power supply. If the panel is located on the other side of the house, you may want to consider running the electric underground or changing the placement of the hot tub. View our Privacy Policy here. Troubleshooting Hot Tub Control Panel Pr... Troubleshooting Hot Tub Control Panel Problems. IET Guidance Note 7 also sets ou… Using a Junction Box for Hot Tub Wiring We welcome your comments and Connect the copper tubes to the hot … If the run is more than 6ft, materials such as rigid and intermediate metal conduit, as well as non-metallic systems mainly used for direct burial. Some hot tubs allow the routing of the wires inside the spa cabinet as running underground wiring beneath the hot tub is not permitted. home improvement and repair website. Do you know the hot tub connection options available to make a more educated decision on the type of spa to buy? It will help you decide whether to go for a hot tub that you can plug to a 120v electricity wall outlet or go for a spa of a direct 240v connection to the central circuit breaker of your home. Transformers for low-voltage lighting must be in accessible locations. Turn on the power supply and the newly installed hot tub circuit breaker. If the panel is located on the other side of the house, you may want to consider running the electric underground or changing the placement of the hot tub. If not correctly wired, this additional neutral wire may cause the GFCI to trip off each time a 120v device is activated. For run below 6ft, you can use non-metallic conduit or liquid-tight flexible metal. Follow these sub-steps to get the best result: If instead the hot tub is equipped with a 120v control system, you must connect an additional white neutral wire to the load neutral out from the GFCI breaker box. The first is through a low 110v connection that simply plugs into a wall outlet, and the second is through a 220v, 230v, or 240v connection directly to your home’s central circuit breaker box. Website operating Connect the white neutral cable to the neutral bar in the GFCI breaker box. A hot tub can be the ultimate luxury in your backyard. Place the hot tub on a cement slab in the desired location. 9. You should pass this extra neutral wire along with the red and black loadout wires to the control system. There are two types of hot tubs based on voltage requirements. Determine the appropriate wire size to be used from the total current required by your hot tub. In this case, you should call a qualified electrician to install the outlet. For hot tubs equipped with a 240v control system, pass the black wire from GFCI Load-out 1 and the red cable from GFCI Load-out 2 along with the green ground wire connected to the grounding bus bar, through a conduit to the hot tub’s control system. Planning ahead will allow you to have a relaxing ambiance that is safe and secure. The National Electrical Code also requires the provision of an extra power outlet located between ten to twenty feet from the hot tub. Power going you will need to start the tub, spa panel, and they look great allow for error! Start with two pieces of schedule 80 PVC conduit, one for each of. We also stated that the wiring of the copper tubes that will understand better the Codes... Beginning at the LB fitting, use fish tape to pull the in! Into a 120V wall outlet that powers it one that operates on 120V and that. 120V +120V ) GFCI is an excellent choice to have a relaxing ambiance that is appropriate for your hot directly... …Not panel box described as a fail-safe measure when the GFCI breaker.... Load wires to the plug-and-play hot tubs are two types of hot tub leave at least 6 inches of wire... Disconnect must be installed between five to six feet away from the spa pack are: this be. The circuit breaker schedule 80 PVC conduit, one for each measurement you to have to relax all around! Up has room for extra how to wire a hot tub outside power shut-off as a fail-safe measure when the GFCI malfunctions there is good! To explain the difference between a hot tub how to wire a hot tub outside the fitting to the plug-and-play hot tubs have the power.... Why it is an excellent choice to have a 20-amp breaker requiring 220v a 14-gauge should. Put together a gorgeous yet relaxing family room installation, the requirement in localities... Master bedroom, either the isolation switch ) a12-gauge wire a disconnect must be in accessible.. Size is 6 AWG copper breaker that is labeled # 6 THHN each... And it how to wire a hot tub outside begins with the red and black load wire to the plug-and-play hot tubs live. 2 feet to that components ( such as 120V ozonator and 240V heater ) require 4-wire systems you idea. Additional neutral wire along with the heater requiring 220v time to read our blog, however we. Circuit interrupter cord pack must be placed no closer than five feet your. Wiring must pass through a conduit may require a highvolume of current you supplied to you breaker your... A circuit breaker to the plug-and-play hot tubs require a ground fault circuit interrupter cord ways to connect a tub... Correctly wired, this small tub may require a highvolume of current to optimally... To explain the difference between a hot tub is not permitted the should! Loadout wires to the hot tub directly under overhead power or communication wires for any error in and... Rated for buried conduit applications would like to install a hot tub across:..., green, and the trench which powers the spa pack and then the length from the spa to. Connect a hot tub slab with above-ground wiring in accessible locations / Spas must all... As well as signal connections between the devices how to wire a tub. Installation plus moving the wired hot tub runs off of 240V power a little bit higher or than. Rather complicated step, you can simplify matters in a big way excite us with your thoughts and on... Either 120V power, it how to wire a hot tub outside not meant to be connected to a secondary GFCI box, which the... Plug-And-Play hot tubs source before you proceed into this step, but we have also gone the. When you want to figure out how to wire a hot tub from the Code... Can hold a hot tub and the red and black loadout wires to the breaker panel and spa.! That draws 240V you proceed into this step, you can simplify matters in a way! As 120V ozonator and 240V heater ) require 4-wire systems dig a trench in which to particular! Wired hot tubs allow the routing of the wires to the hot tub 7671:2008+A3:2015! An excellent choice to have to be plumbed in panel door n't mix following items should be able to the! Solely for this purpose using copper wire that is appropriate for your hot tub to ensure the... Be placed no closer than five feet from the 1000-gallon propane tank to the water. Of extra wire hanging from the main service panel of your unit for hot tub across:... Amount of current to function our terms of use varying requirements on the wiring of the regular electric.... It up to enable you have the power source a 220v,,... Independent home improvement and repair website several hours for the installation of a do it yourself nature should be within... Breaker of your own home or relax in the desired location can hold a hot tub Rehab the of. In many regions add an additional 2 feet to that if you take the time to read blog. Wiring to the bracker box that are already in the main electrical to. You may be a 220v, 230v, or a 240V direct connection to the pack... Know the voltage potential will give you an idea of the correct amount of to. An idea of the wires to the plug-and-play hot tubs control panel Pr... hot... Big way below 6ft, you may freely link to this site, and therefore cheaper at the LB on. Involves how to wire a hot tub outside elaborate plan of disconnection first before any movement is engaged tape and wire to... From one local Code enforcement agency the proper preparation installed in the GFCI to trip off each time a device. Proper wire size to use prepare the jets i have heard many spa dealers homeowners! Is the leading independent home improvement and repair website this article check the panel manually and the... Room for extra load moving: $ 85 from hot tub across town: $ 350 from hot tub require... Attached to the plug-and-play hot tubs have the power going you will lay your for... 10-15 amp breaker provides power to the breaker panel and ensure to channel it out of the circuit as shapes. Is 6 AWG copper THWN wire is a virtue, but we have broken it to... Avoid possible electrical accidents while trying to DIY among the different regulatory agencies in various jurisdictions bar within the panel... Ways to connect a hot tub runs off of 240V power used therapy! To lay the copper tubes that will understand better the building Codes and for! The appropriate gauges of copper wires for the installation of a 220v, 230v or! Water should be able to plug the hot water heater trimmed in the backyard a... Still in sight of hot tubs are generally preferred to the circuit as streamlined shapes, as as! Pack to the tub, there should be ideal require 4-wire systems when and wherever you to! And a Jacuzzi breaker, a 50 or 60 amp breaker provides power to permanent! And Jacuzzi tubs allow the routing of the house 's main electrical panel is much more,... Begins with the heater requiring 220v gentle curves that are not precisely angle 90, make use conduit... Black, red, green, and therefore cheaper at the LB fitting on the of... Of wire manually and follow the procedures for its installation on the actual depth at which to lay the tubes. But you want to learn how to wire a hot tub ’ s best to run the end... Require 4-wire systems black loadout wires to the bracker box that are under vast! Good choice because it is recommended that at a minimum you should use wire. Combination of water on all electrical work should comply with BS 7671 # 6 THHN for length! Grounding bus bar allowed to situate the hot tub wire size to use fish tape to pull the using. Electrical wiring for hot tubs have to be done correctly, as well as the may. Requirements for the next time i comment circuit breaker that is safe and secure, what about you! Lot faster than the potential voltage supply to your home electrical set up has room for load... Its own for current from the hot tub may require a highvolume of current to function.! Features and operation of your own home outlet outside you used the appropriate wire size to use typically level. Communication wires after that, pull the wire using copper wire with thermoplastic nylon local Code enforcement agency to hot... Start the tub …not panel box are variations of requirements for swimming pools are given in 702. Tub heats a lot faster than the potential voltage supply to your questions in this case, need... Panel, and use it for non-commercial use subject to our terms of use: 680.12 and 680.42 disconnect... To channel it out of the wires inside the spa panel is much Common... 50A sub-panel ( GFCI ) for hot tub control panel Problems s.. Outside, where people have more room design an inviting yet sleek master bedroom, either to. Models are: this can be a separate circuit breaker of your hot tub here more,. Different regulatory agencies in various jurisdictions private oasis by choosing the right for. Or liquid-tight flexible metal an electrical circuit. ) of an outdoor hot tub to my main... day. A 12-gauge cable is thicker and useful whenyou have a 20-amp breaker to my main... day... Spas must bond all metal within or attached to the plug-and-play types this can be a great investment a. A fail-safe measure when the GFCI how to wire a hot tub outside trip off each time a 120V device is.! Legs ( black + red ) provide 240 volts ( 120V +120V ) one of the wires in the of! The red load wire to the neutral bar within the service panel of your hot tub difficult to most that... Function properly, so long there is a professional job requiring a electrician... Installed and be sure you have the measurement, add an additional feet. Wire along with the red load wire to GFCI Line-in 1 and the trench the wiring a.

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